How does latitude affect weather quizlet?
How does latitude affect climate? Places with latitudes closer to the Equator have hotter climates. Places with latitudes closer to the Poles have colder climates. This happens because the Sun’s rays hit them more or less directly.
What effects do mountains ranges have on climates in a region?
What effects do mountain ranges have on climates in a region? Mountain ranges can effect climate by affecting precipitation by creating rain shadows. When warm air carrying water travels over a mountain, it becomes cold, and loses its ability to hold water.
How do mountains affect humans?
Mountains capture water from the atmosphere and store it as snow and ice that supplies streams and rivers throughout the year. Half the world’s population depends on mountains for their drinking water or hydroelectric power.
Why do mountains have their own climate?
Mass, who is a professor of atmospheric sciences at the University of Washington, says the physical structure of mountains can create their own weather systems, caused by the way air flows around them. … This causes the air to flow up the slopes on both the eastern and western sides of the Cascades or Olympics.
What is the relationship between elevation and climate?
Usually, as elevation increases, the weather gets colder and the climate becomes harsher (more intense weathering: windier and colder). There is also less air as elevation increases. As elevation decreases on land that most live on, the climate gets warmer as well as more humid.
How else do mountains affect weather downwind?
Mountains and mountain ranges can cast a rain shadow. As winds rise up the windward side of a mountain range, the air cools and precipitation falls. On the other side of the range, the leeward side, the air is dry, and it sinks. So there is very little precipitation on the leeward side of a mountain range.
Why do mountains affect weather and climate?
Mountains as rain makers and rain takers
The mountains create a barrier to air moving eastward off the Pacific Ocean. When the moist, oceanic air encounters the mountains it begins to rise. The rising air cools as it moves up and over the mountains, and much of its moisture condenses, forming clouds and precipitation.
Does the latitude affect climate?
1. Latitude or distance from the equator – Temperatures drop the further an area is from the equator due to the curvature of the earth. As a result, more energy is lost and temperatures are cooler. …
What causes the cycle of seasons on Earth quizlet?
On Earth the seasons are primarily caused by the changing the “directness” of the sunlight over the course of a year, which is due in turn to the Earth’s tilt. … Earth’s rotation on its axis determines the daily motion of celestial bodies.
How does the effect of latitude mirror the effect of the altitude?
It seems that there exists a seesaw-relationship between latitude and altitude temperature effects with global temperature change: when the global temperature rises, the latitude effect will weaken and the altitude effect will strengthen, and vice versa.