Frequent question: What effects climate in mountainous areas?

What type of climate does a mountainous area have?

Altogether, mountain climates are characterised by a rather distinctive combination of temperature, radiation, wind and rainfall patterns, as well as a larger variability of climate, both spatial and temporal (at scales from days to seasons) compared with lowlands at the same latitude.

What factors are affecting climate?

Factors that Influence Climate

  • Elevation or Altitude effect climate. Normally, climatic conditions become colder as altitude increases. …
  • Prevailing global wind patterns. …
  • Topography. …
  • Effects of Geography. …
  • Surface of the Earth. …
  • Climate change over time.

How can a large body of water affect climate?

Large bodies of water, such as oceans, seas and large lakes, can affect the climate of an area. Water heats and cools more slowly than landmasses. Therefore, the coastal regions will stay cooler in summer and warmer in winter, thus creating a more moderate climate with a narrower temperature range.

What is the climate in mountainous or elevated areas?

(Also called highland climate.) Generally, the climate of high elevations. Mountain climates are distinguished by the departure of their characteristics from those of surrounding lowlands, and the one common basis for this distinction is that of atmospheric rarefaction.

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Which of the following best describes climate?

Climate is defined as an area’s long-term weather patterns. … Other useful elements for describing climate include the type and the timing of precipitation, amount of sunshine, average wind speeds and directions, number of days above freezing, weather extremes, and local geography.

What are the six major controls of the climate?

There are six major controls of the climate of any place. They are: latitude, altitude, pressure and wind system, distance from the sea (continentality), ocean currents and relief features. Due to the curvature of the earth, the amount of solar energy received varies according to latitude.

What are the 6 factors that affect climate?

LOWER is an acronym for 6 factors that affect climate.

  • Latitude. It depends on how close or how far it is to the equator. …
  • Ocean currents. Certain ocean currents have differenet temperatures. …
  • Wind and air masses. Heated ground causes air to rise which results in lower air pressure. …
  • Elevation. …
  • Relief.

What are the 4 factors that affect weather?

Although many factors combine to influence weather, the four main ones are solar radiation, the amount of which changes with Earth’s tilt, orbital distance from the sun and latitude, temperature, air pressure and the abundance of water.